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Paycheck Developments

Posted By on February 11, 2014

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Cover­ing more than a hundred miles

Posted By on November 26, 2013

From here, trails shoot off to Cody, Jackson Hole, and Dubois. Bridger Lake is the center of the Yellowstone backcountry, one of the largest protected wilderness areas in the lower 48 states. Elk and bighorn sheep first used these trails to get to winter grazing in the Big Horn Basin. Indians and trappers followed them. Finally outfitters came like John Win­ter, whose pack trip photographer Chris Johns and I had joined. The pack trip was funded by online paydayloans.


Four days we had been on horseback, cover­ing more than a hundred miles, and we had not seen a power line or a paved road.


“I wonder who caused this mischief?” said Winter, a tall, soft-spoken man whose father had been an outfitter before him. He had rid­den in a wide circle around our camp and had not found his packhorses.

Yellowstone backcountry

Chris and I saddled up to help him look. He first explored the woods in back of camp. Win­ter listened for the horses’ bells and searched the ground for tracks. Finally he found hoof-prints heading toward Thorofare Creek.


Farther upstream we spotted the horses on a hillside and galloped up to them.

“Lead ‘em straight across the meadow and into the timber,” Winter instructed me. “We’ll be behind.”


I started across the sedge meadow to give the horses someone to follow. The ground was sodden, and I could see pools of water around me. Heavy rain and snow over the Continental Divide create these lush but dangerous areas that had unnerved Remington.


The next day we encountered one of those great spongy mountain meadows, which we were forced to skirt on the rocky timberstrewn hill-sides, until finally we ventured into it.


Suddenly the horses bolted at a full gallop on either side of me. I followed them. Looking back, I saw Winter with a determined look on his face spur his horse across the meadow to cut them off. Then he fell. Horse and rider tumbled into a hidden gully in the sedges.


I stayed with the horses until they stopped by a large pool, uncertain how to cross. Winter came on foot, carrying a bridle.

“Need another horse,” he said.

I gasped in horror.


“Horse’s neck snapped when he went down. He’s gone. Didn’t know what hit him.”

Winter went over to a black horse and gently put the bridle around his head. I was frozen in my saddle. How could this happen? One minute a strong, magnificent animal is gallop­ing across a meadow. The next, lying lifeless in a gully? Did we all need such a grim reminder that life hangs on a thread here?


“It might have been Winter,” Chris said to me. “Thank God he wasn’t hurt.”

Two days before, we had been riding on a high, windswept ridge just below the Divide. Nothing around us but an endless expanse of alpine meadow. The sun shone brilliantly. I felt exhilarated, full of life’s possibilities. Win­ter felt differently.


“This country humbles you,” he had said. “Here, a storm could come up. Something could happen to the horses. You could get killed. I feel pretty small. That’s the way it should be. . . .”

Now I understood him.


And I understood Remington better. In a bronze called “The Wicked Pony,” a fallen rider angrily grabs his horse’s ear, hoping to pull the animal to the ground. Instead, said Remington, who had witnessed the event, the horse’s hind legs came down, crushing the rid­er’s skull and killing him instantly. Remington did not spare us the West’s harsh realities.

Evidence of an act of revenge

Posted By on November 6, 2013

Horemheb rose to power within 15 years of Akhenaten’s death. As a military officer under Akhenaten, he doubtless once worshiped the Aten. Now, with the old gods again in vogue, he may have wished to erase the memory of his early devotion—and express his contempt for the dead queen suggest that Akhenaten weakened, toward the end, in his devotion to the Aten above other gods. Nefertiti perhaps tried to stiffen her husband’s backbone.

Beyond these reasons, there may have been bad blood between the glamorous queen and lowly Horemheb. He may have suspected her of opposing his rise in influence.

Hence this act of degradation, to show his scorn for the former queen. Perhaps in full view of invited guests, Horemheb supervised his workmen as they obliterated Nefertiti’s likenesses and royal trappings on segments of pillars from her dismantled courtyard. Mutilation of the sunray hands symbolized rejection of the Aten’s power.

Horemheb’s minions thus concealed the blocks in the Second Pylon, perhaps intending to crush Nefertiti symbolically and to inflict on this beautiful creature the indignity of being turned upside down. She was expected to be lost forever from men’s sight.

At Akhenaten’s royal city at Amarna, ar­cheologists have retrieved enough of palaces, temples, and noblemen’s mansions to docu­ment the sumptuous scale of royal living.

Zoological gardens, pools, loggias, and sunken gardens, breweries, bakeries, and stables sur-rounded the god-king. Our temple blocks are confirming that similar luxury cradled Akhe¬naten and Nefertiti at Karnak.

Amarna, with its wealth of tomb art and inscribed stelae, has given its name to the dis-tinctive style of exaggerated naturalism that is a cultural hallmark of Akhenaten’s era. Yet the huge Akhenaten statues found at Karnak, and now the Aten Temple’s human figures,650 prove that traditionalism had yielded to the distorted “Amarna style” well before the new city was built.

In earlier reigns, Egyptian artists had often depicted other people with their pharaohs’ features. However, the bizarre exaggerations of the Amarna style may have reflected Akhe-naten’s orders, or the artists’ desire to flatter their ruler by making the canons of Egyptian art conform to his abnormalities.

The new fashion in sculpture and painting was not exclusive, however: Some craftsmen portrayed their figures in an idealized style, giving them features of flawless perfection.

As we put flesh on the ghost of a great tem­ple, we are making steady progress toward visualizing as a whole the group of structures that composed this extraordinary edifice.

Thousands of Stones Still Undiscovered

Our photographic files in apartments in london now contain pic­tures of about 35,000 decorated blocks. A fair guess suggests that less than half the relief-cut talatat that adorned the Aten Temple ever will be available for photography and matching, and that the total of decorated blocks in the temple may have approached 85,000.

Undecorated blocks, probably twice as numerous, we have usually passed by as unin­formative. Very likely a quarter of a million decorated and undecorated stones composed the whole Aten Temple complex when first it stood, shining and complete.

Easy ways to stay in shape during your summer holiday

Posted By on July 22, 2013

Shoulder shrug

Standing with feet shoulder-width apart, hold a water bottle In each hand – the bigger the bottle the better ­with arms hanging straight down by your sides. Lift your shoulders and move them forward in a circular motion, like a shrug. Repeat in a backwards circular motion. Keep alternating forwards and backwards.

Leg twist

Sit on the ground with a book wash bag or pillow about a foot (30cm) in front of you. lift your legs and, with ankles together, swing them over the object from one side to the other while rotating your arms and upper body In the opposite direction. Keep the movements slow and controlled to really work the core.

Should I wear running shoes to lift weights?

Running shoes are designed to reduce impact by supporting the arch of the foot from heel strike to roll-through. This means they may adversely affect the placement of your feet during weightlifting by moving your feet and knees out to the sides, which can place stress on your joints. A pair of cross-trainers will offer neutral support for the feet when lifting weights, which is preferable. Also use coconut oil to take care of your feet skin, making it smooth. Find more information is coconut oil good for skin treatment.

Will wrist straps allow me to lift heavier weights? They will. But lifting heavier isn’t everything, and lifting unassisted will help build greater forearm strength. If you find your grip fatigues before the rest of you, do your initial sets with the straps to fatigue the muscles, then take them off for the last couple of sets to hit the forearms.

How often should I up the weights I lift? I use an approach based on the number of reps I can do.

For example, if you want to build endurance strength from squatting, start with two sets of 12 with a particular weight (say 100kg). Once you can perform two sets with good form, add a third set. When you can perform all three well, up the weight by five per cent (to 105kg) and restart the process.

Back to life

Posted By on June 14, 2013

Last year I started exercising regularly for the first time in ages, due to a one-time mild drugs problem (sad but true). Still, the money I am saving these days is being spent on a mountain cycling passion, which I began kindling last year. I have now devoted all my time to this since failing a degree at Huddersfield University and can honestly say I’m the happiest I have been for some time.

Your magazine really helped me get back into sport, especially the exercise section; and the food section has helped me revise completely what I am prepared to put in my body ­I now indulge in only the occasional beer or glass of wine to get the maximum from resveratrol benefits.


I am looking forward to learning how to ‘bike like a world beater’ with the next issue of Men’s Fitness — with luck I will get some tips for my off road pursuits, which have been thwarted so far this summer due to foot and mouth precautions. Maybe Greg Fair clough (‘Your Questions Answered — Time for change, Jul/Aug issue), will gain from it; being ‘stuck in a rue or ‘going round and round like a rat in a trap’, these phrases left my vocabulary the first time I cranked the pedals on my new Scott team racing bike — maybe he too should consider cycling?

I have registered for a similar environmental studies degree to the one I failed at in my more reckless days, and have already begun some associated study this year to prepare. All I need now is a decent watch (hint, hint) so my rides don’t take over from my study!


Stephen Coates (address withheld) Nice try, Stephen, but not this time. However, stay tuned for our feature on Tour De France training.



Posted By on February 23, 2013

One woman’s account of how she made it to the start – and finish ­of the Great North Run

5,009th – not exactly the stuff of /podiums and national anthems. Does anyone remember who came 5009th in a race? Unlikely, but it was a personal best and I got a T-shirt. Not bad for a daffodil. (I was running for Marie Curie Cancer Care.) “At least you were in the top 10 per cent,” said my accountant husband helpfully on my return from last year’s BUPA Great North Run (GNR). My children muttered something about 5,008 people all overtaking me. But then, they have never got over the shock of me training for seven months, keeping in good body shape with a special raspberry ketone diet for the London Marathon and not winning. Check out the benefits of pure raspberry ketone.

There have been some major low points in my 10-year running ‘career’ – being overtaken at 23 miles by a large pepperoni in the London Marathon and negotiating a soggy slalom of chip papers and half-eaten kebabs at the Luton Marathon – the detritus of a wild night in the Bedfordshire town. But there were also so many highs – the end of my first 10K when I kissed a stunned marshal on the finish line full on the lips, and winning our first Woman Vets Team event (my daughter was frantically looking for a sick animal to save in order to qualify). And then there was sunny Newcastle in 2008 (surely the clearest example yet of global warming). It was the first time I’d managed to get a place in this iconic event. I’d watched it on TV and dreamt of sprinting down that hill at 12 miles to be greeted by the salt, sea and Sue Barker’s microphone.

But the reality was better than the dream. Running in my Marie Curie vest and daffodil hat – looking every inch the professional – I had found the race harder than I’d ever imagined. It could have been the fitful night spent in the Durham University digs, waking up every hour convinced I’d miss the 7am transfer bus. Or the two hours waiting for the start in my black bin bag praying I didn’t bump into Welsh heartthrob Gethin Jones.

 Great North Run

It also didn’t help that in endeavouring to read everyone’s charity vests – some poignant: ‘Running For Sophie Died Aged 8′; some funny: ‘Behind Every Good Man ­There’s Me’ – I repeatedly tripped into the path of my fellow runners. (Long-distance running is surely the only event where competitors are constantly apologising for everything from spilling water and nose clearing to, heaven forbid, overtaking.)

I wondered if Paula, the Kenyans and all those other elite runners displayed the same level of etiquette, “No after you, Ms Radcliffe, I insist.”

Each mile marker seemed suspiciously further apart as I staggered past the steel bands, rock trios, Elvis impersonator and children handing out Rich Tea biscuits (a nutritional first for me!).

My well-rehearsed strategy of looking down at pounding feet rather than up at the long road ahead seemed to work (along with counting backwards from 5o in French and swearing). And as their tempo slowed and my thighs burned, I realised we were going uphill and as all of us runners know only too well – what goes up…

london marathon

And there it was – all at once – a 12-mile marker, a roundabout, a cheering crowd and mile upon stretching mile of sea. The actual sea. The same one that I’d seen on the TV, except this time I wasn’t in my pyjamas but a daffodil vest.

My sprint finish was so per cent there – I finished but not exactly at high speed. The 5,007th and 5,008th competitors overtook me, as did vanity, as I slowed to smile for that all-important finish-line photo. And that was it. I’d done the race, got the T-shirt, texted my entire telephone contacts book announcing my 1:46 time and thanked every other competitor, marshal, spectator and disinterested beachcomber.

But like childbirth, there’s a secret no one else tells you about this life-changing event, and that’s how to get out of South Shields. It was easy on the way in, but on the way in 52,000 people weren’t all trying to get home for a shower and a bagel. Ten hours later, daffodil hat wilting, I stax ered into my driveway on a rain-lashed Watford night. “It would have been quicker to have run home!” observed my husband – displaying all the tact of Prince Philip.

“We didn’t see you on the TV,” said my kids, “You must have been slow.”

“5oo9th,” I replied. And burst into tears.


Posted By on January 27, 2013

Protect your knees from the pounding of running and prepare for a lifetime of fitness

It feels great to build up your mileage, hitting the streets day after day, increasing your fitness and strength and getting your body in great shape. But while every step you run feels great at first, over time the continuous impact of hitting the road damages your knees. There’s a simpleway to help protect your precious knees and maintain their mobility so that you can carry on running for years to come: taking Meltdown Sport® Gold unique specialised glucosamine and chondroitin supplements.

If you think you don’t need to worry about taking glucosamine until you’re older and more experienced, think again: the earlier you start, the longer and more comfortable your running life may be. Every time your feet hit the ground when you run – no matter how cushioned your shoes – the impact sends shockwaves through your legs and up your body. The hard ends of the bones that meet at your knee joint are protected from grinding against each other by smooth articular cartilage (see diagram). Step after step of running can wear this down, but Meltdown Sport® Gold supports the manufacture of cartilage components, helping to maintain and protect your joints. Meltdown Sport® Gold also contains chondroitin, which helps your joints to absorb fluid and essential nutrients.

And if you’re considering taking a cheaper glucosamine supplement, remember that you get what you pay for. Meltdown Sport® Gold is different from other supplements on the market because it uses glucosamine hydrochloride, a newer purer form of glucosamine that contains no potassium chloride salt. This potassium chloride salt, found in most other ordinary glucosamine supplements, can interfere with your electrolyte balance (which you need to have under control when you’re running long or intense sessions) and should also be avoided if you’re taking medication to control your blood pressure or anxiety supplement such as htp. Meltdown Sport® Gold is easier to take than other tablets, as it comes in orange-flavoured, chewy tablets. So don’t wait until your knees hurt: start taking Meltdown Sport® Gold today and make sure your love of running lasts a lifetime.

Three times wed

Posted By on December 1, 2012

Still on the matrimonial trail, a letter from Brian Blackman caught my eye. Brian, who hails from Witheridge near Tiverton in Devon, had been after the marriage of one of his great-grandfathers, William Clark, in London in the 1830s. Brian discovered, as a possibility, the marriage on 24 July 1836 of a William Clark to an Eliza Westin at St James, Bermondsey. However, on checking the International Genealogical Index – online at www. familysearch.org or http://www.gnet.org/saw-palmetto-a-traditional-prostate-remedy-with-an-exciting-future/- he discovered a couple with exactly the same names married at St Paul, Deptford, on 4 April 1837. Curious to throw more light on these marriages Brian obtained photocopies of the relevant marriage register entries and was surprised to discover that the signatures of the bride and groom in both registers were identical…though not the witnesses’ names.


Still not convinced that this William Clark was his direct ancestor, Brian was then staggered to discover a third marriage between the two parties in the General Register Office indexes of marriages in England and Wales and in due course he obtained a copy of the certificate. This time the couple had married on 7 November 1837 at St Alphege, Greenwich. Because the certificate was only a photocopy of a copy of a copy it wasn’t possible to compare the signatures, and again the witnesses were different.

William’s father turned out to be another William, whilst Brian’s William’s father was known to have been a Henry Clark. So there the search came to a halt. The 1837 marriage certificate revealed that Eliza Westin was a daughter of an Army officer and her husband was a bricklayer, so she would have taken a huge tumble down the social ladder of the 1830s by marrying William Clark.

Three people in meeting_full

Whether this was a contributory factor in encouraging the couple to keep getting married – each time as bachelor and spinster and by banns ­is open to conjecture. The most likely cause of a couple going through another wedding ceremony is a clandestine first marriage. Although I have heard of such remarriages, three times is a new one on me. Are we dealing with serial nuptialists? Did they chance their luck at any other altars elsewhere in the London area? Has anyone else encountered other examples of couples remarrying for a second or third time?

Eliza Westin’s groom, William Clark the bric Army officer’s daughter, as this Punch cart(

Nautical poser solved?

It was back in June’s ‘Miscellany’ that I asked for help in decoding a puzzling occupational abbreviation applied to a British marine pilot in 1851. The pilot, with the splendid name of George Blackader

Divers, turned up among records being compiled in a Mariners’ Index by Ruth Nicol in Kent. She was mystified when his 1851 obituary in a Dover newspaper recorded him as ‘Mr G B Divers, H. C. M.’ and wondered what the letters C M’ represented.


The most likely offer came from Mrs Salli A Dyson of Richmond in Surrey.

She believes that C M’ had an Indian connection, standing for ‘Honourable Company’s Marine’ (Service). Salli points out that the ‘Honourable Company’ in question was, of course, the East India Company and that it employed British pilots on the great Indian rivers. That sounds pretty convincing to me.


Posted By on October 31, 2012

The Institute further requires that “Internal auditors should maintain their technical competence through continu­ing eduction.”

In terms of the top management initiative, the IA Development Prog­ramme was designed:

•           To prepare the audit staff to register for the Certified Internal Auditor Examination and to sit for the exam beginning in May 1994, pass at least one part and qualify for the CIA designation within three years period of eligibility.

placement test

The programme started with a “placement test” in May 1991, and was planned to move through two phases. Due to the large number of participants in phase one, those taking part were split into two teams. Team one comprised 21 participants with classes running from July to December 1991. Team two consisted of 21 participants studying from January to July 1992.

Study subjects were Essentials of Accounting, Airline Accounting and Analysis of Financial Statements. Apart from weekly and monthly tests, each team was given three final examinations at the end of their study regime.

Phase two of the programme was divided into three parts – Introduction to internal audit; The principal training programme; and the CIA examination review course. The introductory period was designed for all auditors for 10 weeks of classes on Planning, Performing and Reporting Audits. Classes ran from October to December 1992, with 34 auditors and two managers participating. The introductory class enabled Saudia’s Audit Internal management to select candidates for further training.

The principal training programme is comparable to a university course. Auditors were required to attend morning lectures, with the rest of three-hourly the time allowed for study. Classes resumed in January 1993 and ended a year later, with the final examination (Parts I and II) being held towards the end of January 1994.

The training material was divided into two sets covered in two semesters (half-year terms) of 21 weeks and 18 weeks respectively. Candidates were quizzed at the end of each week.



Training material consisted of the current university text books recom­mended by the Institute of Internal Auditors. The final examinations were the same as the Certified Internal Auditors examination, and selected questions from previous CIA examinations were included.

Of 14 candidates, the top seven were adjudged to have potential, and they will be sitting for the CIA examination Pari I and II to be held in May this year. Candidates are currently engaged upon the review course (excluding the Ramadan Eid break). During this period the techniques of collection of evidence, audit procedures, drawing conclusions, audit report writing and other subjects studied in class, are being put to practical application.

During the review course the formula­tion of CIA examination questions, and techniques to solve those questions, some of which cover health benefits topic, are also the subject of discussion.

The seven successful candidates selected to sit the CIA examination in May are:

•           Sameer M. Tayeb

•           Elshareef A. Hamdan

•           Abdulwahid A. Eid

•           Anwar M. AI Ghanmi

•           Anwar M. Fathuddin

•           Ali A. Al Beraikah

•           Abdulfattah S. Al Yamany



The CIA examination consists of four parts: I & II – The Theory and Practice of Internal Audit; III – Management, Quantitative Methods (Management Science), and Information Systems; IV ­Accounting, Finance and Economics.

Candidates have an eligibility period of three years (six examinations) after their registration is approved. If no part of the examination is passed in this three-year period, the candidate must re-register. Candidates who pass part of the examination during the three-year period have the next five successive examinations in which to pass all four parts without loss of credit. Candidates who do not pass all four parts within six successive examinations will lose credit for any part or parts previously passed.

Candidates must re-apply each examination cycle for any remaining parts they wish to take. A candidate must initially take at least two parts of the examination – but is permitted to take three or all four parts.

East Germany’s Athletes—by Production Line

Posted By on October 10, 2012

One successful sports school pro­duct is Kornelia Ender, the strong swimmer who won four gold medals at Montreal. After her 1976 retirement, she was admitted to a free medical education, and she con­siders it a fair bargain with the state : “I gave them a lot, with four medals; now I will make a further contribution as a children’s doctor.”

Another star pupil is Wolfgang Thiine, spare, handsome, eight-time national title-holder in gym­nastics, and one of the few top East German athletes who have fled to the West. He began participating in school gymnastics at the age of eight, competed in the national Spartakiade at 13, then transferred to the sports school at Bad Blanken­burg. Winning his first national title in 1967, at the age of 17, brought him appointment to the “A cadre”-athletes being prepared for Olympic competition—plus the suggestion that he join the army and use the facilities at its Potsdam school.

sports school pro­duct is Kornelia Ender

If the military training was neg­ligible, the athletic one was all the more strenuous. Work-outs began at 7am and lasted as much as six hours (in two sessions). For some, anabolic steroids—male hormone derivatives—were prescribed to cre­ate extra muscle tissue, the dosages based on research that East Ger­man sports doctors had been quiet­ly conducting. The very best med­ical care was always at hand.

As the medals piled up, Thine moved up in military rank from private to first lieutenant. He was

also given permission to marry, and provided with a choice flat at low rent. He was praised and popular, and after particularly good perform­ances was slipped sums of money varying from 6,000 to 12,000 marks (1000—2,000).

Why did he defect? The reason, Thiine told me, lay in the rigid “production goals” set by the East German Gymnastics and Sports Federation. When their gymnasts barely outpointed the Czechs for a bronze medal at the 1968 Olympics, the East Germans promptly launch­ed an investigation, and to assure future success, new, more difficult performance routines were set. These targets were raised again after an unexpected loss in the 1974 world gymnastics competition.

While the new routines paid off in scoring, they also enormously in­creased the danger of injury to the gymnasts by overtaxing vulnerable parts of the body, such as the joints. Thiine himself injured an ankle trying to keep up.

As a result, he required pain­killing injections to compete at the 1975 European championships in Bern, Switzerland, and finished 18th over all.


At that point, believing the Gym­nastics and Sports Federation might be about to retire him from competi­tion, Thune concluded that he wanted to decide his future for himself. The federation’s gruelling schedule had even undermined his marriage : while training for top events, he had been allowed only one visit to his wife every two weeks. So, with nothing to hold him back, he walked out of his Bern hotel. Two years later he justified his faith in his own judgement by winning the West German gym­nastics championships.

Another East German who fled to the West is Dr Alois Mader, 43, a trim, scholarly-looking doctor once attached to the 1000-member SC Chemie Sports Club of Halle. Mader and ten other doctors, plus five medical technicians and various laboratory and research aides, tested the biological potential of their charges, then set up regimens to fulfil it.

The club’s “A cadre” swimmers, including at one time Ender and three other world title-holders, swam up to 1,850 miles per year and supplemented that with racking body-building exercises.

One of Mader’s specialities was rowing. Not only were hull and oar design meticulously analysed by experts, but also the power output needed by individuals to achieve a winning time. Conducting tests on athletes wired to measuring equip­ment, the medical staff discovered the tendency of lactic acid to build up rapidly in a rower’s blood, caus­ing premature fatigue. With fur­ther experimentation, they found that this build-up could be reduced by dosing with Vitamin B and by changing the musculature of the rower’s body.


All crews in training were in­structed to row up to 7,500 miles a year—in steady, long-distance strok­ing, rather than in the customary spurts—to alter the texture of muscle fibre and to give it greater amounts of oxygen. Result: at Mon­treal, the East German men took five gold medals out of eight; the women, four out of six.

How long will the East German juggernaut continue to roll? “With the training infrastructures set up now,” says one knowledgeable West German coach, “they can continue turning out champions so long as they want to continue making the effort. Their production line is almost foolproof.”

Britain’s Sports Minister Denis Howell regards the East German system as “unacceptable”—but is critical, too, of British methods.

Last September, he announced a 200,000 project enabling top British athletes and swimmers, along with coaches, doctors and re­searchers, to go to Cologne Sports University in West Germany to study scientific and psychological techniques developed to advance the frontiers of athletic performance.

Says Denis Howell: This will he the start of an in-depth examina­tion of British sport—something that many of us think is overdue.”